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The University of Zurich is one of the leading research universities in Europe and offers the widest range All Information for UZH Members and External Guests. Stricter rules in Zurich clubs. Since Friday, 3 July IDs are compulsory, and mobile phone numbers will be verified. Masks required on all public transport. Coronavirus - Information on operations at Zurich Airport. Stay informed about the current situation of flight operations and the opening hours of shops, restaurants. Stricter rules in Zurich clubs. Since Friday, 3 July IDs are compulsory, and mobile phone numbers will be verified. Masks required on all public transport. Have you just moved to Zurich? Welcome! Here, you will find a great deal of information you need for a smooth start at your new place of residence. The links. The University of Zurich is one of the leading research universities in Europe and offers the widest range All Information for UZH Members and External Guests. Unternehmensbezogene Informationen. Aktuelle Zahlen und Daten zur Zürich Versicherungs-Aktiengesellschaft sowie zur Zurich Insurance Group. Information by Swiss federal government that companies consult the Offices for Economy and Labor in the respective canton of the Greater Zurich Area.
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Rate it below. Thank you! Welcome back, you have already rated this page. Zürich was temporarily expelled from the confederacy in due to a war with the other member states over the territory of Toggenburg the Old Zürich War.
Neither side had attained significant victory when peace was agreed upon in , and Zürich was readmitted to the confederation in Zwingli started the Swiss Reformation at the time when he was the main preacher in the s, at the Grossmünster.
He lived there from until his death in The Zürich Bible , based on that of Zwingli, was issued in The Reformation resulted in major changes in state matters and civil life in Zürich, spreading also to a number of other cantons.
Several cantons remained Catholic and became the basis of serious conflicts that eventually led to the outbreak of the Wars of Kappel.
During the 16th and 17th centuries, the Council of Zürich adopted an isolationist attitude, resulting in a second ring of imposing fortifications built in The Thirty Years' War which raged across Europe motivated the city to build these walls.
The fortifications required a lot of resources, which were taken from subject territories without reaching any agreement.
The following revolts were crushed brutally. In , Zürich proclaimed itself a republic, shedding its former status of a free imperial city.
Zürich lost control of the land and its economic privileges, and the city and the canton separated their possessions between — In , the city had to yield to the demands of its urban subjects, following the Züriputsch of 6 September.
Most of the ramparts built in the 17th century were torn down, without ever having been besieged, to allay rural concerns over the city's hegemony. Zürich was the Federal capital for —40, and consequently, the victory of the Conservative party there in caused a great stir throughout Switzerland.
But when in the Radicals regained power at Zürich, which was again the Federal capital for —46, Zürich took the lead in opposing the Sonderbund cantons.
Following the Sonderbund war and the formation of the Swiss Federal State, Zürich voted in favour of the Federal constitutions of and of The enormous immigration from the country districts into the town from the s onwards created an industrial class which, though "settled" in the town, did not possess the privileges of burghership , and consequently had no share in the municipal government.
First of all in the town schools, hitherto open to "settlers" only on paying high fees, were made accessible to all, next in ten years' residence ipso facto conferred the right of burghership, and in the eleven outlying districts were incorporated within the town proper.
Extensive developments took place during the 19th century. From , the Spanisch-Brötli-Bahn , the first railway on Swiss territory, connected Zürich with Baden , putting the Zürich Hauptbahnhof at the origin of the Swiss rail network.
The present building of the Hauptbahnhof the main railway station dates to Industrialisation led to migration into the cities and to rapid population growth, particularly in the suburbs of Zürich.
The Quaianlagen are an important milestone in the development of the modern city of Zürich, as the construction of the new lake front transformed Zürich from a small medieval town on the rivers Limmat and Sihl to an attractive modern city on the Zürichsee shore, under the guidance of the city engineer Arnold Bürkli.
In , the twelve outlying districts were incorporated into Zürich, including Aussersihl, the workman's quarter on the left bank of the Sihl, and additional land was reclaimed from Lake Zürich.
Zürich was accidentally bombed during World War II. The blue and white coat of arms of Zürich is attested from and was derived from banners with blue and white stripes in use since The first certain testimony of banners with the same design is from The coat of arms is flanked by two lions.
The red Schwenkel on top of the banner had varying interpretations: For the people of Zürich, it was a mark of honour, granted by Rudolph I.
Zürich's neighbours mocked it as a sign of shame, commemorating the loss of the banner at Winterthur in Today, the Canton of Zürich uses the same coat of arms as the city.
The previous boundaries of the city of Zürich before were more or less synonymous with the location of the old town. Two large expansions of the city limits occurred in and in when the city of Zürich merged with many surrounding municipalities, that had been growing increasingly together since the 19th century.
Today, the city is divided into twelve districts known as Kreis in German , numbered 1 to 12, each one of which contains between one and four neighborhoods:.
Most of the district boundaries are fairly similar to the original boundaries of the previously existing municipalities before they were incorporated into the city of Zürich.
The City Council Stadtrat constitutes the executive government of the City of Zürich and operates as a collegiate authority. It is composed of nine councilors, each presiding over a department.
Departmental tasks, coordination measures and implementation of laws decreed by the Municipal Council are carried out by the City Council.
The regular election of the City Council by any inhabitant valid to vote is held every four years.
The mayor German : Stadtpräsident in is elected as such by a public election by a system of Majorz while the heads of the other departments are assigned by the collegiate.
Any resident of Zurich allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the City Council. The executive body holds its meetings in the City Hall German : Stadthaus , on the left bank of the Limmat.
The building was built in in Renaissance style. The Gemeinderat of Zürich for the mandate period of — The Municipal Council Gemeinderat holds the legislative power.
The Municipal Council decrees regulations and by-laws that are executed by the City Council and the administration.
The sessions of the Municipal Council are held in public. Unlike those of the City Council, the members of the Municipal Council are not politicians by profession but are paid a fee based on their attendance.
Any resident of Zürich allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the Municipal Council. The legislative body holds its meetings in the town hall Rathaus , on the right bank of the Limmat opposite to the City Hall Stadthaus.
The last election of the Municipal Council was held on 4 March for the mandate period of — The next four most popular parties were the GPS In the federal election, a total of , voters were cast, and the voter turnout was Zürich is partnered with two sister cities : Kunming and San Francisco.
The Old Town stretches on both sides of the Limmat , which flows from the lake, running northwards at first and then gradually turning into a curve to the west.
Today the incorporated city stretches somewhat beyond the natural confines of the hills and includes some districts to the northeast in the Glatt Valley Glattal and to the north in the Limmat Valley Limmattal.
The boundaries of the older city are easy to recognize by the Schanzengraben canal. This artificial watercourse has been used for the construction of the third fortress in the 17th and 18th centuries.
The municipality of Zürich has an area of The area includes a section of the northern Swiss Plateau. The banks of the Limmat constitute the densest part of the city.
The river is oriented in the southeast—northwest direction, with the flat valley floor having a width of two to two to three kilometres 1.
The partially channeled and straightened Limmat does not flow in the central part of the valley, but always along its right northeastern side.
On its west side, the Limmat valley is flanked by the wooded heights of the Albis chain, which runs along the western border.
Its summit can be reached easily by the Uetlibergbahn. From the platform of the observation tower on the summit, an impressive panorama of the city, the lake, and the Alps can be seen.
The northeast side of the Limmat valley includes a range of hills, which marks the watershed between the Limmat and the Glatt.
The northernmost part of the municipality extends to the plain of the Glatt valley and to the saddle which makes the connection between the Glattal and Furttal.
Also, a part of the Katzensee nature reserve and the Büsisee, both of which are drained by the Katzenbach to Glatt, belong to the city. The Foehn wind , which plays an important role in the northern alpine valleys also has some impact on Zürich.
On average there are The average high temperature in July is The highest recorded temperature in Zürich was Spring and autumn are generally cool to mild, but sometimes with large differences between warm and cold days even during the same year.
The highest temperature of the month March in was on the 20th at During the months April until September the sun shines between and hours per month.
The 1, millimetres Roughly about every third day you will encounter at least some precipitation, which is very much a Swiss average.
During the warmer half of the year and especially during the three summer months, the strength of rainfall is higher than those measured in winter, but the days with precipitation stays about the same throughout the year in average 9.
October has the lowest number 9. There is an average of The city is among the world-leaders in protecting the climate by following a manifold approach.
In November  the people of Zürich voted in a public referendum to write into law the quantifiable and fixed deadline of one tonne of CO 2 per person per annum by This forces any decision of the executive to support this goal, even if the costs are higher in all dimensions.
Some examples are the new disinfection section of the public city hospital in Triemli Minergie-P quality — passive house [ clarification needed ] , the continued optimisation and creation of public transportation, enlargement of the bicycle-only network, research and projects for renewable energy and enclosure of speed-ways [ clarification needed ].
The areas surrounding the Limmat are almost completely developed with residential, industrial, and commercial zones. The sunny and desirable residential areas in the hills overlooking Zürich, Waidberg and Zürichberg, and the bottom part of the slope on the western side of the valley on the Uetliberg, are also densely built.
The "green lungs" of the city include the vast forest areas of Adlisberg, Zürichberg, Käferberg, Hönggerberg and Uetliberg.
Major parks are also located along the lakeshore Zürichhorn and Enge , while smaller parks dot the city. Larger contiguous agricultural lands are located near Affoltern and Seebach.
Of the total area of the municipality of Zürich in , without the lake , Public transport is extremely popular in Zürich, and its inhabitants use public transport in large numbers.
In addition, the public transport network includes funicular railways and even the Luftseilbahn Adliswil-Felsenegg LAF , a cable car between Adliswil and Felsenegg.
Tickets purchased for a trip are valid on all means of public transportation train, tram, bus, boat. The Zürichsee-Schifffahrtsgesellschaft commonly abbreviated to ZSG operates passenger vessels on the Limmat and the Lake Zürich, connecting surrounding towns between Zürich and Rapperswil.
Zürich is a mixed hub for railways, roads, and air traffic. Zürich Hauptbahnhof Zürich HB is the largest and busiest station in Switzerland and is an important railway hub in Europe.
As of early , Zürich HB served around , passengers and nearly 3, trains every day. Three of them belong to the ten most frequented railway stations in Switzerland: Stadelhofen , Oerlikon , Altstetten , Hardbrücke , and Enge.
Zurich Airport is located less than 10 kilometers 6. Zurich Airport has its own railway station, which is located underground.
It is directly connected to Zürich and most of the major Swiss cities. Zurich Airport is served by more than 60 passenger airlines from around the world.
It is also served by one cargo airline and is a hub for Swiss International Air Lines. There is also an airfield in Dübendorf. The A1 , A3 and A4 motorways pass close to Zürich.
The A1 heads west towards Bern and Geneva and eastwards towards St. Gallen ; the A4 leads northwards to Schaffhausen and southwards to Altdorf connecting with the A2 towards Chiasso ; and the A3 heads northwest towards Basel and southeast along Lake Zürich and Lake Walen towards Sargans.
In , the city council launched a program to improve the city's attractiveness for bicycle traffic. The so-called "Masterplan Velo"  is part of the superordinate framework Stadtverkehr which shapes the future of the different means of transport.
Research revealed that infrastructure and the social environment are essential factors in improving a city's appeal to bicycle traffic.
Second, cyclists' safety should be improved to lower the overall accident risk. Third, cycling should be established as an everyday means of transport with a special focus on children and young people.
In terms of infrastructure, the city aims to build up a network of distinctive bicycle routes in order to achieve these objectives.
At a final stage, the network will consist of main routes Hauptrouten for everyday use and comfort routes Komfortrouten , with the latter focussing on leisure cycling.
Additional measures such as special Velostationen providing bike related services are expected to help to further improve the quality.
One of the key projects of the system is a tunnel beneath the tracks of the main railway station planned to combine a main connection with staffed possibilities where commuters can leave their bikes throughout the day.
However, these efforts cause critique, mainly due to postponing. The institution of the bike tunnel at the main railway station, originally planned for , is currently delayed to at least In response, the responsible city department points to the big investments made every year and mentions ongoing discussions that would finally lead to even better results.
There are , people living in Zürich as of 31 December ,  making it Switzerland's largest city. However, because of Zürich's national importance, and therefore its existing high fluctuation, one can hear all kinds of Swiss German dialects spoken by its inhabitants and commuters.
As of the December census, Some Dramatically increasing, according to the last census in , 8. Italian follows behind at 7. Other languages spoken here include: Croatian and Serbian 4.
Multiple choices were possible. The Protestant Reformation , led by Huldrych Zwingli , made Zürich both a theological centre and a stronghold of Protestantism in Switzerland.
Zürich attracted other influential Protestant Reformers like Heinrich Bullinger. Zwingli translated the Bible Zürich Bible into the local variety of German , and introduced the Reformation by winning support of the magistrates, the princess abbess Katharina von Zimmern , and the largely peasant population of the Canton of Zürich.
The canton unanimously adopted the Reformed tradition , as represented by Zwingli. Religious wars between Catholics and Protestants tormented the Swiss Confederacy.
Zwingli died for political and religious reasons by defending the Canton of Zürich in the Battle of Kappel. Bullinger took over his role as the city's spiritual leader.
Since then, both large Swiss churches, the Roman Catholic Church and Swiss Reformed Church, have been constantly losing members, though for the Catholic Church, the decrease started 20 years later, in around For the group of people, being between 24 and 44 years old, this is as high as one in every third person.
The Synagoge Zürich Löwenstrasse is the oldest and largest synagogue of Zürich. The level of unemployment in Zürich was 3.
In , the average monthly income was about CHF before any deductions for social insurances and taxes. Most of Zürich's sites are located within the area on either side of the Limmat, between the Main railway station and Lake Zürich.
The churches and houses of the old town are clustered here, as are the most expensive shops along the famous Bahnhofstrasse. The Lindenhof in the old town is the historical site of the Roman castle, and the later Carolingian Imperial Palace.
Compared to other cities, there are few tall buildings in Zürich. The municipal building regulations Article 9  limit the construction of high-rise buildings to areas in the west and north of the city.
Around the year , regulations became more flexible and high-rise buildings were again planned and built.
The people's initiative "40 metres feet is enough," which would have reduced both the maximum height and the high-rise buildings area, was clearly rejected on 29 November There are numerous examples of brutalist buildings throughout the city, including the Swissmill Tower which, at m, is the world's tallest gain silo.
Zürich is a leading financial center and global city. By far the most important sector in the economy of Zürich is the service industry, which employs nearly four-fifths of workers.
Other important industries include light industry, machine and textile industries and tourism. Grand Tour of Switzerland. Zürich Card. With the Zürich Card, you can enjoy Zurich in all its diversity — and save time and money too.
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